Tuesday, March 21, 2023

Temple a day-Thiruvalidhayam


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This post is also available in: Tamil हिन्दी (Hindi)

Day One Temple-Thiruvalidhayam

Thiruvalidhayam Thiruvalliswarar Temple

Tiruvallidayam Tiruvalliswarar Temple is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Padi, northwest of Chennai, India.

Shiva is worshiped as Thiruvalliswarar, and is represented by the lingam and his wife Parvati is depicted as Jagathambika.

Temple history

Thevaram, a 7th century Tamil vegetarian work, was written by Tamil poets called Nayanars and is classified as a place of song.

The temple is associated with the sage Bharathwaja, who worshiped the main deity in the form of a sparrow, hence the name Thiruvalidhayam.

Many inscriptions referring to the contributions of the Cholas are associated with the temple. The oldest parts of the present masonry structure were built during the Chola dynasty in the 11th century, and later expansions, probably due to later periods.

Day One Temple-Thiruvalidhayam

Temple structure

There is a three-story entrance tower called the tower. There are numerous shrines in this temple which are considered to be the most important shrines of Thiruvalliswarar and Jegathambika.

The temple complex has several halls and two prakaras. The temple has four daily rituals at different times from 6:30 am to 8 pm and five annual festivals on its calendar.

The Brahmotsavam, the Tamil month of Chithirai, is one of the most important festivals celebrated at this temple.

The temple is now maintained and managed by the Department of Hindu Religious Affairs, Government of Tamil Nadu.

Lord Rama, Bharathwaj, Anjaneyar, Sun, Moon, Indra and Valian are worshiped here. In the Middle Ages, this place was the site of many wars, which disrupted the structure of the temple.

According to the Tamil script, the resting place near the battlefield is called Padi, which leads to the modern name of the place.

According to another legend, Jupiter was cursed by Menaka. On the advice of Markandeya, he reached this place, bathed, worshiped the chief deity and was absolved of the curse.

Devotees pray to Jupiter for relief from their sins. The historical name of the place is Tiruvalitai, which became Tiruvalitaya.

Worship practices and religious significance

Temple priests perform poojas (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. Like other Shiva temples in Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Brahmin sub-caste Saiva community.

Temple rituals are performed four times a day; Ushathkalam at 6:30 am, Kalashanthi at 8:00 am, Uchsakalam at 12:00 am, Sayaraksai at 5:00 pm and Ardha Jama at 8:00 pm.

Each ritual consists of four steps: anointing (holy baptism) for both Tiruvalliswarar and Jegathambika, decoration (decoration), offering (food offering) and light worship (lighting of lamps).

Worship takes place amidst religious instruction in the Nataswaram (flute) and thavil (percussion instrument), Vedas (scriptures) read by the priests and music worshiped by worshipers in front of the temple mast.

There are weekly rituals like Monday (Monday) and Friday (Friday), bi-weekly rituals like Pradosh, and monthly festivals like Amavasai (Amavasai), Krithika, Pournami (Pournami) and Chaturthi.

Other festivals celebrated at the temple during the months of February-March are Mahasivarathri. Brahmotsavam is a very important festival celebrated at the temple during the Tamil month of Chithirai.

Temple’s Special

Thirunana Sambandar, a seventh century Tamil vegetarian poet, worshiped Tiruvalliswara, which has been compiled in Thirumurai.

The temple is classified as one of the 275 temples mentioned in the Vedic canon as it is worshiped in Thevaram. The history of the temple has been compiled by Kalyanasundara Mudaliar.

Day One Temple-Thiruvalidhayam

Devotees visit this temple on Thursdays as it is considered to be the place of Guru in Chennai.

Day One Temple-Thiruvalidhayam

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This post is also available in: Tamil हिन्दी (Hindi)