Friday, March 31, 2023

Temple a day-Kapaleeshwarar


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A temple-Kabaleeswarar per day

Mylapore Kapaleeswarar Temple

Name: Kapaleeswarar Temple
Location: Mylapore
District: Chennai
Source: Kabaleeswarar
Mother: Karpakampal
Thala Vritsha: Punnai tree
Theertha: Kabali Theertha, God Theertha, Veda Theertha, Vali Theertha, Ganga Theertha, Villi Theertha, Rama Theertha
Agama: Kamikam
Song Genre: Devaram
Singers: Appar, Sambandar, Sundarar
Architectural Design: Dravidian Architecture
History Archaic: 1000–2000 years ago

Kapaleeswarar Temple is a Shiva temple located in Chennai, Mylapore, the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Thondai is one of the most popular places in the country.

Sabta Sivathalams
In the Mylapore area, Mylapore Karaniswarar Temple, Tiruvallikeni Theerthapaleswarar Temple, Mylapore Velliswarar Temple, Mylapore Virupatseeswarar Temple, Mylapore Valeeswarar Temple, Mylapur Malliswarar Temple.

Mylapore Kapaleeswarar Temple is home to Saptha Sivathalams. These can be visited in three hours in one day. These are located close to each other.

These were worshiped by the Sabta Rishis Vishwamitra, Kasipar, Vasishta, Gautama, Agathiyar, Atri and Bhrigu.

Lord, Lord
Shiva’s name here is given as Kabaliswarar (abbreviated as Kabali) and Udanurai Amman’s name is given as Karpakampal.

The temple was built in the seventh century by the Pallavas. Mylapore is given as Thirumailai and Kapaleecharam.

According to Hindu mythology, it is said that Parvati used to pray to Lord Shiva here in the form of a peacock and hence the area where this temple is located is also known as Mylapur.

Two separate temples for both Kapaleeswarar and Karpakavalli and temples for various Parivar Murthys can be found in the temple complex.

Built in the late Dravidian style of architecture, this temple is characterized by four-sided roofs, beautiful gopurams, Thirukkulam etc.

Although the present temple was built in recent times, Kabaleeswarar temple is very old.

It seems that this temple gained fame during the time when Mylapore was a starving port along the coast.

Tirunnasambandhamurthy Nayanar, who played an important role in the revival of Saivism during the Pallavar period of the seventh and eighth centuries, composed hymns on the Peacock Kapaleeswarar.

Later, in the 16th century, when the Potukhisar conquered the region and built a fort here, they pushed the city of Mylapore inland from the coast and destroyed the temple.

The present temple was built only after many decades.

This place is Vaillar Nayanar’s incarnation.

During the lifetime of Tirunnasambandar, a Shaiva named Sivanesar wanted to marry off his daughter Poombavai to Sambandar.

But one day the girl died after being bitten by a snake, so he cremated her and kept the ashes in a vessel.

When Sambandar arrived in Mylapore, Sivanesar met him and told him the events that had transpired and also gave him the urn containing the woman’s ashes.

It is believed that Sambandar put the vessel in front of Kabaleeswarar and chanted a devar padikam, which brought the woman back to life and asked Sambandar to donate her to the temple right there.

A small temple for this Poomba can be seen in today’s Kapaleeswarar temple. In the Navratri Mandapam in this temple, the history of Pumbaa is explained through chalk sculptures.

A temple-Kabaleeswarar per day

There are more than thirty literatures related to Thirumaila. They have been described and written by many scholars.

Thirumailai has various types of literature such as Ula, Kalambagam, Antadi, Dummani Mani Mala, Kurangazhi Nedil, Mallikaip Ba etc.

In 1936, Dr. U. Vecha published a book titled Thirumailai Yamaga Anthadi composed by Thandavarayak Kavirayar.

In its preface, he has mentioned eight books which are now known among some other Tamil prabandhas related to this place.

One of them is Kabaleeswarar Pancharatnam, written by Dr. U. Vecha. He himself published earlier in 1932.

Karpakavalli Nayaki Mala is one of the books mentioned in the Anthadi Preface.

Thirumailaith Thalapurana

The book ‘Thirumailaith Thalapuranam’ was composed 150 years ago by Tiruvannamalai Adhinam Sri Amurthalingath Dhampiran of Thirukkailaiyap Paramparai.

This book, which was published 120 years ago and then hidden, was published by G. Mohan, administrator of the ‘Shivalayam’ organization, as the second edition in 2012.

This book contains many rare information.

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