Saturday, December 3, 2022

Temple a day-Parthasarathy


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Temple a day-Parthasarathy

Thiruvallikeni Parthasarathy Temple

Perumal Temple is one of the 8th century Hindu Vaishnava temples.

One of the 108 divya deshas of the Vaishnavas, this temple is located in Thiruvallikeni, Chennai, full of temple gopurams, mandapams and intricate sculptures.

This Thalatu Emperuman presents Parthan (Arjuna) in the form of a charioteer (chariot) during the Mahabharata war.

Although the name of the founder of this Talat is Venkata Krishna, it has become famous in the name of Utsavaragya Parthasarathi.

The temple was originally built in the 8th century by the Pallava king Raja Narasimhavarman I.

There are five incarnations of Thirumal in this temple. They are Narasimha, Rama, Varadaraja, Ranganatha and Krishna. This temple is one of the oldest structures in Chennai.

The temple has shrines of Vedavalli Thayar, Ranganatha, Rama, Gajendra Varadaraja Swamy, Narasimha, Andal, Anjaneyar, Alvars, Ramanuja.

This temple follows Vaikanasa Agama and Tenkalai. There are also separate shrines for Narasimha and Krishna.

A lot of sculptures are found in the gopurams and mandapat pillars of this temple which represent South Indian architecture.

Temple structure

One temple per day – Parthasarathiswamy

Apart from Lord Venkata Krishna, Rukmini Prati, Balaraman, Satyaki, Anirudhan and Pradyumnan are seen as family members in the sanctum sanctorum.

Apart from these, Sri Vedavalli Mother, Sri Mannathar (Ranganathar, Sri Rama, Sri Karivaradhar (Varadharajar Swami), Tulasinghap Perumal Narasimha, Sri Andal, Sri Anjaneyar, Alvars, Ramanujar, Manavala Mamunis and Vedantasariyar are also seen in other shrines.

Here, Parthasarathy and Narasimha have separate temples with separate flag trees and gates.

Here the gopurams and mandapas are decorated with intricate sculptural art typical of South Indian temple architecture.


Perumal Venkateswarar had promised to show King Sumathi as Parthasarathy.

In order to fulfill this promise, he presented him as Parthasarathi at Tiruvallikeni.

Agathiya Mamunivar is believed to have consecrated (installed) the idol of Moolavar Parthasarathi.

Here the parents of Sri Vaishnava Acharya Sri Ramanuja are said to have begged Perumal for child wealth.

It is believed that Perumal Parthasarathi himself was born as a son to fulfill this wish.

Shri Parthasarathi Swami is proud
According to the Mahabharata, Lord Krishna was Arjuna’s charioteer during the Mahabharata war.

At that time he gave the holy book of Hindus Srimad Bhagavad Gita. Krishna is shown with scars all over his face, injured by Bhishma’s arrows during the battle.

Another special feature of this deity is that it is only at this place that Lord Krishna appears with a mustache and without his main weapon Sudarsana Chakra.

At the beginning of the war, he vowed not to carry any weapon, so he carried only the Sangam that heralded the start and end of the war.

Here Utsava Murthy is seen with a scepter without his weapon.

Temple a day-Parthasarathy


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This post is also available in: Tamil हिन्दी (Hindi)