Tuesday, November 29, 2022

Monsoon dangers

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Monsoon

Monsoon season has started and new flood is threatening the dams.
On the other hand, monsoon rains cause diseases like throat infections, colds, severe colds and coughs. Both the common cold and flu persist for months after treatment.

Influenza

Subramanian Swaminathan, a senior specialist in epidemiology, says that no one should consider the flu lightly as there is a chance of flu during this period.
Influenza is a flu that can transmit by a virus. Influenza carries high morbidity and mortality.

The virus can also cause respiratory tract infections. Influenza A virus has the ability to induce changes in the body’s immune system over time.
Large changes in the defense sources of this organism are defense macromorphisms and minor changes are defense mutations.

Major changes in defensive sources

It is also responsible for a wide range of infectious diseases and infections caused by influenza A.
Influenza is prevalent in temperate regions during autumn and winter. The disease spreads from one person to another when the patient coughs and sneezes.

It is that the peak of influenza in the months of July and September in the monsoons in North India and in October and November in South India.Influenza virus affects young people more.

Mortality and morbidity are also significantly higher among those with high-risk medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, pregnant women, and metabolic diseases such as diabetics.

Studies have found that influenza increases the risk of heart attack and stroke in the 3 days following exposure to the virus.
Along with this, it also causes forty diseases that cause lung obstruction to reach a serious stage.

Pneumonia

The most important and common complication of monsoon colds is pneumonia.
In addition to the effects it causes on breathing, it also affects other body systems such as heart muscle allergy and cardiovascular allergy.
Although these are rare, influenza causes complications when seasonality and infection are high.

Viral exposure is diagnosed and treated through testing when the common cold is out of control.

Diagnostic tests are performed if test results are considered to have the potential to influence antiviral therapy, antibiotic therapy, and infection control practices.

Diseases that attack in winter

Influenza usually manifests acutely following an incubation period of 1 to 2 days. A distance of less than one meter from the first infected person is enough to spread the infection to another person. It can also be spread through contact with other infected objects. Symptoms of fever, chills, headache, severe headache, malaise and loss of appetite are seen in the patient. Along with this, most people also experience respiratory tract symptoms like dry cough, runny nose and sore throat.

In those infected with the disease, the fever may be more severe at first. After three days it diminishes and gradually disappears. The disease may last for an average of 4 to 8 days. Patients are with red and watery eyes and pious face. After the flu, it takes a few weeks to fully recover from it. At that time, dry cough and poor health become the main problem of the patient.

The most important strategy to prevent influenza and its serious consequences is to  vaccinate against seasonal influenza.
Based on seasonal trends in India, the best time to administer this vaccine to people living in southern states is just before the onset of monsoon.
That means before October for the rest of the country it should be before June.
However, high-risk individuals and groups can get the flu vaccine at any time of the year.

The widespread and localized occurrence of influenza imposes a heavy socioeconomic burden on all societies.
It is also not easy to predict when the next infection will occur. Hand hygiene after coughing and sneezing, early treatment, and providing antiviral drugs to susceptible individuals can reduce the overall burden of the disease and increase the chances of recovery.

 

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