Sleep Apnea ( SA )
Day by day, as modernity is increasing , diseases are also increasing. Many kinds of diseases that cannot be understood and cannot enter the mouth have now arrived. Sleep apnea is not such a strange disease.
Sleep apnea ( SA ) is a breathing disorder that occurs during sleep. It may turn into suffocation and death in deep sleep.
This is what the medical world calls sleep apnea. According to a recent study, statistics say that around 5 crore people in India alone are suffering from this ‘Sleep Apnea’. Dr. Rohini Radhakrishnan explains about SA.
What is sleep apnea?
Obstruction in one’s airway, i.e. if one sleeps after snoring, we think one is in a deep sleep. But, that is wrong.
Snoring is a breathing obstructions during sleep. If it is not properly treated, it can lead to death in sleep.
Types of SA
There are three types of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Central Sleep Apnea and Complex Sleep Apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea is by tightness or disorder in the throat muscles. It means stopping breathing during sleep. The second type is central sleep apnea.
When a person with this type of disease goes into deep sleep, their upper airway becomes blocked. As a result, the person becomes suffocated and unable to sleep.
Sometimes SA occurs when the signals from the brain to the muscles aren’t getting through properly. This is ‘Central Sleep Apnea’.
That is, if there is a blockage somewhere in our respiratory tract, breathing disorder will occur and it will be difficult to breathe and SA will occur. It can be also by stuffy nose, dry throat, thick neck and obesity.
A combination of both obstructive and central apnea is complex sleep apnea. Sleep apnea occurs in 3 percent of lean people and 20 percent of obese people. It affects males more than females. It affects women after menopause.
If this disease is not treated at an early stage, diseases related to the heart vessels will also occur. But the sad thing is that many people do not know that they have such a disease.
What is the connection between COPD and SA?
COPD is a lung disease and SA is a breathing disorder. Difficulty in breathing occurs when the lungs stop working.
When such breathing air is obstructed, respiratory disorder occurs. Due to this, breathing air is obstructed while sleeping at night.
This causes SA. These are the links between COPD and SA.
What are the symptoms of SA?
Always some kind of tiredness in the body, headache or irritable mood on waking in the morning, dry tongue in the morning, sudden changes in mental state.
Symptoms include sleeplessness throughout the night. Deep snoring, difficulty breathing during sleep, gasping for air during sleep, insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, distraction, irritability, etc. are also symptoms of SA.
Also, if loud snoring occurs continuously during sleep, you should immediately consult a doctor without delay. Only then, if the disease is serious, it will lead to immediate appropriate treatment.
A polysomnogram is to determine whether a person has SA.
The method of this test is to examine it during one’s sleep.
That is, they calculate one’s sleeping pattern, the volume of snoring sound, discomfort in the respiratory tract, and deep sleep.
Based on that, the severity of the impact will be quantified.
Then, dynamic MRI. Diagnosis by scan, also, if there is any obstruction in the trachea, find and correct the cause of the obstruction.
What are the treatments?
The best way is to follow the methods recommended by doctors to stabilize one’s airway during sleep. For some, doctors may prescribe breathing aids.
Place a device , CPAP (Continuous Positive Airways Pressure)in a person’s nose.
It keeps the air pressure in the person’s nose steady during sleep and prevents suffocation of the airways.
Some people are advised to make changes in their lifestyle.
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