Happy old age
Understanding of the importance of creating appropriate, safe, comfortable and then barrier-free living environments in aging is only now emerging. Let’s see what are the lifestyle alternatives related to this.
Ease of use
All residences should suit the youth, the elderly and all types of people. The living environment should be in such a way that the young, old and also all kinds of people can use the facilities of the house to live happy and ease.
The built residential design environment should be such that everyone can easily enter and get to where they need to go. It is also very important to have an easy evacuation facility in case of sudden calamities and also natural calamities.
These help elderly people who use wheelchairs and walkers to get in and out of the building. Therefore, the slope of ramps should not be less than 1:12. Minimum width should be 120 cm and maximum width should be 6 meters.
After that approximately 180 cm of space should be reserved for the floor. Handrails 10 cm high should be fitted on both sides of the ramps.
All doorways shall be at least 80 cm wide for wheelchair or walker entry. A clear space of at least 150 cm x 150 cm should be left in front and beyond.
Doors and windows should be made of materials that are easy for the elderly to operate. The use of wrists or fingers shall not be necessary to open or close the locks of doors and windows. Lever type handles are very comfortable.
Stairs in buildings are 150 cm long and 300 cm wide. The existing steps are convenient for even the elderly to go up and down. Handrails on the walls on either side of the stairs will make it easier for them.
An open space between steps can be dangerous for the elderly. There is a chance that their feet or walking sticks will get caught in it and they will stumble and fall.
It is better if the height of the steps is sloping. The footing should be non-slippery. At least their ends should have non-slip frames.
For the visually impaired elderly, painting the steps in contrasting colors along the length and width will help them see the steps clearly.
In public areas, chains should be there with hand grips to accommodate changes in pavement levels.
These sidewalks should be continuous and wide enough for wheelchairs.
Some spaces may be extra wide to accommodate another wheelchair.
For elderly people to move around independently, installing sturdy handrails on both sides of house walkways, corridors, paths leading to gardens and parks will further assist their mobility.
At least one toilet in the house should be large enough for a person using a walker, wheelchair, etc. to enter, close the door, and then sit on the toilet seat.
A minimum of 150 cm of maneuvering space and 2.2 square feet of turning space should be provided for the wheelchair.
Handrails (preferably iron) should be in toilets, urinals, hand wash basins and also shower areas at appropriate places to assist the elderly.
All toilet facilities should be located within easy reach of wheelchair users.
Tiles in toilets and kitchens should be non-slip.
Cleaning & Safety
Since the immune system is very weak in the elderly, it is better to build smooth walls.
Since they are less dusty, the chances of infection is less.
If the edges of walls, doors, windows, tables and also chairs are round, the risk of injury to the elderly is less.
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