Elderly winter care
Generally, when winter starts, we experience some changes in our body. Even the elderly have slightly more changes.
Doctor Ajithkumar tells seniors how they can protect themselves from them.
Allergies and asthma
Allergies and asthma are common during winter. Especially for the elderly, this problem is a bit more.
If some people already have allergies or asthma, their effects may increase in winter.
This is because the moisture in the air in winter can cause blockage in the airways when it enters through the nostrils.
This causes the airways to narrow slightly and cause difficulty in breathing. When this breathing problem increases, many elderly people experience shortness of breath.
Similarly, the humidity in the air decreases due to seasonal change, whether in summer or winter.
Due to the hot wind blowing during summer, the water in our body evaporates and decreases.
Similarly, in winter, due to the blowing wind, the humidity in the air decreases and the air absorbs the moisture from our body.
Due to this, our body becomes dry and cracked during winters.
Also, when we breathe in cold air, our body naturally forms a layer to prevent the moisture in it from hitting our lungs. But, as we age, this layer no longer does its protective job.
Due to this, when the elderly breathe, bad bacteria, virus, dust etc. in the air attack their lungs and cause infection.
When an infection occurs in the lungs, the airways become constricted.
Bone and joint pain
Bone wear and joint pain can also increase in the elderly in winter. The reason is that the situational pressure will decrease. Due to this, there is a possibility of swelling of the tissues in the bone.
As it swells, the veins dilate. When the nerves become inflamed, it causes pain in the joints. This is the cause of arthritis.
This is why elderly people feel numb in their hands and feet during winter. Also, the blood vessels in the body shrink as the external heat decreases and the cold air blows.
As it contracts, the blood volume decreases. At that time, the body automatically distributes the available blood to the important organs of the body, such as the brain, heart, liver, kidney, etc.
Due to this, the blood flow to the bones and joints decreases and joint pain occurs.
Similarly, calcium is important for our body to function and strengthen bones and joints. This calcium nutrient is naturally secreted in our body. Vitamin D helps in calcium absorption.
Our body gets the vitamin D we need automatically from sunlight. However, in winter, there is less sunlight, so the vitamin D required by the body decreases.
When vitamin D is low, calcium levels in the body are also low. This is also a cause of joint pain.
Therefore, normal walking and exercise should not be stopped because the winter season has started. You should wear a sweater, khulla, etc. for walking.
Generally, during winters, mental stress is more for the elderly. The reason is when the rainy season comes. Exposure to cold can reduce outdoor activity.
Going for a walk in the park and spending time with friends will decrease.
Therefore, the feeling of being trapped inside and the chemicals that are normally secreted in the body decrease, causing stress.
Therefore, in such cases, children and grandchildren should understand the mentality of the elderly and show extra care towards the elders. Spend time with them as much as possible.
Vitamin E is also very important for our body. This is what protects our skin.
As the humidity in the cold air decreases and the amount of water decreases, the vitamin E secreted in our body also decreases and the skin becomes dry. Dry skin is not healthy for the body.
When the skin becomes dry, there is an eruption, and through that eruption, bad bacteria, viruses etc. enter the body and cause infection.
Therefore, you can buy moisturizers rich in vitamin E and apply them on your skin to protect your skin from dryness during winters. Drink a lot of water.
Consume plenty of water-rich vegetables. Similarly, eating a clean, healthy diet may be safe.
Weight gain is also a possibility as we usually stay indoors in winter and not go outside as much. The reason is that physical exertion will decrease.
Can’t follow a diet. Also, more sleep. So, in two, three months, the body weight is also possible. So, even if you can’t go outside, it’s good to do small exercises and household chores at home.
Hypothermia is preservation of body heat. Generally, a body temperature of 37 degrees Celsius should be normal. In winter, this body heat decreases.
It can also cause health problems in the elderly. If an elderly person suddenly feels tired for 2 days, the first thing to look at is why he is tired and his body temperature.
If the body temperature is reduced, he should wear a sweater to protect the body and a hood for the head. Similarly, now there is a winter protection vaccine for the elderly.
Every year in the months of November and December, the government introduces this vaccine according to the climatic condition of that year. You can get this vaccine on the advice of your doctor.
Allergies and asthma are also caused by viruses. Common colds are also airborne. Everyone knows how Corona spreads.
This is the same type of cold, but spreads faster than the corona virus. If someone in the house has a cold or cough, when he sneezes and coughs, the virus spreads through the air and infects other people in the house.
Therefore, if you wash your hands regularly, wash your hands when you go out, wash your hands before eating, and drink hot water, you can escape to some extent.
By following all of the above, most seniors can get through the winter safely.
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