Saturday, February 4, 2023

Mood disorder


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Mood disorder

Mood disorder

The mind is a wonderful vault of emotions. Countless events that happen every day affect our mind. Our mind keeps getting tempt according to the events.

It is our nature to bask in joy and then to toil and wither in suffering. Thus, there is no problem in our state of mind as long as we react accordingly to the events.

But some people suddenly feel very tired for no reason. Others are overzealous. Changes in mood caused by such abnormal stimuli are called mood swings.

In general, mood swings are common for most people. These are normal. are temporary.

But, when this effect persists for months, it becomes a drawback. We call this a mood disorder.

People with this problem become increasingly depressed as they become unable to perform daily tasks properly.


Mood disorder

Mood disorders can be divided into two categories: unipolar disorder and then bipolar disorder. The symptoms of most mood disorders are somewhat similar. Symptoms such as severe depression, low mood, and lethargy are common to all mood disorders.


Atypical depression


Generally, during depression, people are tired from not sleeping properly and not eating. But people with atypical depression tend to overeat.

They sleep for a long time. Overeating leads to weight gain. Relationship with society will be very rare. Extreme loneliness. They are conscious.


Seasonal affective disorder


They are very depressed only during certain seasons. It usually occurs in cold climates during the winter season. They return to normal when the season changes. It is better for them to take tablets for depression in winters.


Melancholic depression


People with this condition always have a sad mood. They tend to have suicidal thoughts because they are active in a very empty state of mind. Even things that should be happy are seen as very sad. They hate life itself. Thus, there is no interest in eating. There will be weight loss. Generally, they are more depressed in the morning. It is very important to treat them immediately.


Catatonic depression


It is one of the rarest and also worst forms of depression. People with this condition are immobile without speech or feeling. There are only feelings like pain.


Postpartum depression

Some women are very depressed after giving birth. They will be seen with a sense of loss and despair. Generally, this depression lasts for three to six months after delivery. This can lead to problems in childcare and then breastfeeding.

Dysthymia: This can be called chronic depression. Although it has symptoms similar to major depressive disorder, it persists for more than two years.


Depressive personality disorder


Some people are naturally always depressed, have a negative attitude, and are low-spirited. Depression is a normal trait and is called depressive personality disorder. Although these treatments are largely ineffective, they often require medical advice and then medication as the condition is at risk of progressing into a catatonic disorder.


Recurrent brief disorder


Some people have the problem of getting depressed again and again in a very short period of time. This frequent depression is called Recurrent Brief Disorder. Women are more prone to this type of disorder. This problem is more common during menstruation.


Rapid mood disorder


This is also a type of bipolar disorder. Typically, people with bipolar disorder have alternating episodes of mania and depression three to six months apart. But for people with Rapid Mood Disorder, these episodes can last for weeks at a time.


Alcohol induced depression


Alcohol and depression are closely related. It has the power to depress the normal chemical reactions in the brain. When alcohol is used regularly it affects secretions including dopamine and causes extreme depression.


Symptoms of mood disorders



1. Sadness and tension
2. Lack of confidence
3. Oscillating thoughts
4. Sensation of irritation.




1. To think of oneself as inferior
2. Negative thoughts
3. Poor memory and concentration
4. Inability to make decisions
5. Suicidal thoughts.



1. Crying
2. The attitude of holding back from anything
3. Lack of enthusiasm
4. Lack of attention to appearance
5. Too little or too much sleep
6. Weight loss or gain due to over or under eating
7. Chronic fatigue like loss of strength
8. Lack of interest in love and sex.




Physiologically speaking, these mood disorders are caused by changes in the levels of neurotransmitters like serotonin and norepinephrine, dopamine (Serotonin and norepinephrine) but biological factors such as repeated failures, isolation, insecurity, bad shame, being affected by natural disasters like tsunami, earthquake play an important role in causing these effects. Some people may also be affected by genetics. In general, about 25 percent of bipolar disorder is caused by genetics.


Who is most likely to be affected?


In general, mood disorders are likely to affect 20 percent of the general population due to our modern lifestyle changes. In particular, the elderly, those who live alone, and those suffering from major chronic illnesses such as heart disease, cancer, and stroke are more likely to develop mood disorder. Women have a 2:1 chance of getting in.




In general, counseling is very important for mood disorders. This is called Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. In this, counseling is given to the victim on how to view himself, the environment in which he depends and the society. Advice will be given to improve human relations. He will be taught how to deal with stressful memories and things.

Along with this counseling is also given to the victim’s family which is known as family therapy. Along with this, drugs and pills that stimulate neurotransmitters called mood stabilizers are given. A good solution can be obtained only if the victim takes the prescribed medication along with counseling.

Some people take the pills for a few days and then stop taking the pills when things return to normal. This is very wrong.

There is also an ongoing opinion that antipsychotic pills have more side effects. Nowadays, due to the development in the medical field, there are many medicines that do not have too many side effects.

Therefore, it is better to keep taking the medicine pills for the prescribed period instead of such unnecessary fears. For some, electroconvulsive therapy (Electroconvulsive therapy) is also given if necessary.


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